Construction on the current Wood County Courthouse began in 1899. It took nearly two years at a cost of $100,000 to complete the huge, five-story structure.

Built with native sandstone, the Courthouse is an excellent example of modified Richardsonian Romanesque architecture. The exterior is highlighted with ornate turrets, balconies, stilted arches, a bell tower and unique, symbolic carvings. An intricate marble fountain featuring a bust of former State Circuit Judge James Monroe Jackson was erected near the building's west entrance in 1901.

The Wood County Courthouse, listed on the National Historic Register, is said to be fireproof thanks to the massive amounts of iron and steel in its framework. The cornerstone of the massive framework was laid in place by the Masonic organization during Wood County's Centennial Celebration in 1899.

The interior of the Wood County Courthouse reflects the craftsmanship of woodworkers and stained glass artisans of the late 19 th century. Finely detailed oak woodwork can be found on the desk and scrolled railing in the second floor judicial room.

In the early 1980s, an organization of local residents saved the fifth Wood County Courthouse from proposed destruction. The building underwent an extensive renovation in 1983 and 1984 at a cost of $1.5 million.

As the rallying point for the County's 1999 Bicentennial celebration, a time capsule was placed near the west entrance. It is to be opened in 2099.